Particular are not words that refer to any one thing, but rather specific attributes which are peculiar to a certain type of art or other human expression. Examples of particular are detail, colours, form, shape and all the rest. For example: a certain description of an archaeological dig suggests looking for the smoothest surface, for example. The same description could also mean, in context, that the floor was the smoothest, the dirtiest, the most polished and the most beautiful. The same kind of description can be used to describe an artistic work done in painting. This is a kind of distinction between definite and indefinite descriptions.
Adjectives are usually used to replace a word that is not obvious as it would be grammatically incorrect to do so. For example: the red of blood is a certain colour, even if it's a red as in a death scene (unless it's blood corpuscles). A similar example could be "a certain white colour". In this example, the word 'colour' does not refer to anything specific but rather the quality of being white. It does not refer to a quality inherent in something. If this were the case then you can use "the colour of snow" as an adverb meaning "of the white kind".
The word 'axis' as an adjective is used to describe a central point, as in the axis of rotation, centre of gravity, central point, focus. As a verb, it can be used to indicate direction (such as 'down to the ground') or to indicate movement, as in 'down this particular path'. The use of 'it' as a conjunction is often used to indicate the location of an object. For example: I am here because....