In Vitro fertilization is a non-surgical treatment for infertility in women, it is an assisted conception alternative where eggs are fertilized in the laboratory by means of a procedure called embryo transfer. In Vitro fertilization is sometimes called in vitro fertilization, and is the direct result of directed science - the scientific study of living organisms - in a petri dish or other form of culture. This process of directing the development of living organisms in a dish or other container has afforded many benefits for the study of development and the regulation of development. It also has its limitations.
One of the limitations of this method of fertilization is that it can only be used to treat a limited number of disease states, including endometriosis, teratogenic malformations, cystic fibrosis, and some forms of cancers. Another limitation is the time required to culture living organisms under laboratory conditions; the time needed to treat each patient with the appropriate drug also needs to be taken into account. For example, it has been estimated that it takes up to three months for an embryo to develop sufficiently to move into the pre-clinical trial stage. Therefore, it is unlikely that a drug developed under In Vitro Fertilization can be administered to a large number of patients within the three months that is generally required for testing purposes.
On the other hand, researchers have been able to successfully use In Vitro Fertilization in the treatment of ovarian cancer, cysts on the ovaries, endometriosis, and certain endocrine cancers. Many of these researchers are part of the FDA, who are conducting clinical trials using various kinds of treatment to cure and prevent a variety of diseases. In Vitro technology is still very new, and so there are not enough data to determine its safety and effectiveness in treating patients. However, a few thousand women who have undergone surgery using In Vitro Fertilization have shown signs of early term pregnancy. It is also being studied for use in other diseases, such as arthritis.